Here is everything you need to know about the Conservative leader.
How old in Theresa May?
May, 62, was born in Eastbourne, Sussex on October 1 1956.
She graduated from Oxford University with a geography degree in 1977.
May has previously worked as a financial consultant and senior adviser in International Affairs before she turned her attention to politics.
Her previous positions in Government include Home Secretary and Minister for Women and Equalities.
Theresa May has been the MP for Maidenhead since 1997.
In 2011, then Home Secretary May, revealed to the Daily Mail that she has Type 1 diabetes, a disease which carries risks of heart attacks and strokes.
Speaking at the time, May said she carries a needle with her at all times and must inject herself with insulin at least twice a day.
She said: "It was a real shock and, yes, it took me a while to come to terms with it.
"The diabetes doesn’t affect how I do the job or what I do. It’s just part of life… so it’s a case of head down and getting on with it."
What has Theresa May said about Brexit?
May supported the UK remaining in the EU during the referendum campaign but was not a prominent campaigner.
Her entire premiership has been devoted to ensuring Britain has a smooth departure from the EU.
In November 2018, the EU's 27 other countries gave their backing to her Brexit plan at a special summit in Brussels.
It came after a number of cabinet resignations and calls for a her to quit.
The PM vowed to fight "with every fibre of my being" hours after she pulled the trigger on a Brexiteer rebellion led by Jacob Rees-Mogg which could spark a leadership challenge
She now faces a battle to secure the backing of MPs and many are opposed to the deal.
After the deal was approved by the EU, she made a direct appeal to the public in a letter to the nation.
In her letter Mrs May says: “I will be fighting campaigning with my heart and soul to win that vote and deliver this Brexit deal for the good of the UK and all of our people.”
How much does the Prime Minister earn?
The Prime Minister is paid £150, 402 a year, which includes the basic salary for an MP – currently set at £74, 962.
Since April 2016, the PM has been allowed a higher wage of £152, 532 but this can't be taken because the Government has frozen the pay of Cabinet ministers until 2020.
This means 100 BBC stars earn more than Theresa May.
But being Prime Minister does have its perks – May gets a £130,000 a year plush pad at No 11 Downing Street and free use of lavish Chequers throughout the year.
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